The United States government spends more on environmental research than on all other fields combined, according to data from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
But it also spends less on that research than the next five countries combined, including the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada and Australia.
That’s because most of the research is done by people with limited backgrounds in computer science, mathematics, electrical engineering, physics and chemistry, according the AASS.
That makes it difficult to compare what the government pays for research with what is available for free, said Daniel Wasserstrom, a professor at George Washington University and a senior researcher at the American Council for Science and Health.
The government is required to spend at least 80% of its funding on research on the environment.
The AASs data shows that the federal government spent about $17.6 billion on environmental science research in fiscal year 2018.
That’s about half the $44.5 billion that researchers in the United States spent in the same period.
The U.S. spends about the same amount of money on research in mathematics, chemistry, physics, biology and social sciences.
Wasserstrom said there are a number of factors that make it difficult for researchers to compare the costs and benefits of different types of research.
One is that research can take years to complete.
There are fewer than 10,000 people working in environmental science each year.
The next five most productive scientists are all in the business of building and running industrial-scale computers, and they can make big gains in that field if they have the time and the expertise to spend time on it, Wasserstrems said.
Other research takes place in research laboratories where the researchers are paid by the research project, he said.
Researchers are not paid in the way that people in the private sector get paid.
The second factor is that it is hard to measure exactly how much the government spends on research.
Most of the government’s research involves environmental research, and it has to be done by an individual with an existing degree in the field.
The cost of this research can vary widely, depending on the size of the project and how much time and money are involved, Waserstrems noted.
There is also a third factor that makes it hard to compare: Many of the researchers who are paid are not even in the U. S. or have no background in the research field.
For example, a new study in Science on Monday found that the government paid more than $2 million to one scientist in the Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific Research and Development in 2019.
That person was not even an employee of the agency.
That research was funded by a federal grant and did not appear to have anything to do with environmental research.
Another challenge is that the data on the cost and benefits are not broken down by the type of research the government is funding.
For instance, the cost of a project like building an MRI machine for a disease is more expensive than a machine that scans the blood to measure cholesterol levels, according a paper published last month in the journal Science Advances.
The U.N. Environment Program, which oversees environmental research for the U, is working on a new national database to provide more information on how government agencies spend their funding on environmental projects, Wiserstrom said.
The data will be publicly available and could be used by environmental advocates to advocate for better funding for research, he added.
In an email, Scott Sussman, the U’s director of scientific and technical affairs, said the government “favors” the use of data in research.
But he said the program “does not provide data for any specific funding program or research project.”