The Nobel Prize committee has awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to scientists for their work in the fields of chemistry and medicine, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced on Monday.
Nobel laureate Eliezer Yudkowsky, a chemist and biochemist, won the prize for chemistry in 2002.
The prize is the second for chemistry.
In 2009, Yudksy won the Nobel prize in physics for his discovery of the Higgs boson, a particle that is believed to play a role in the formation of the universe.
Yudkowski is now working to improve on the discovery and study of the chemical bonds between nuclei.
The Nobel Committee did not reveal the specific chemistry that was won in the Nobel Literature prize, but the prize committee said Yudkovsky had worked to understand the complex interactions between atoms, molecules and viruses.
Yuriy Yurchikhin, a virologist, was the winner for medicine in 2014.
He and his team discovered the first human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that can infect humans.
In 2018, Yurchikhanin won the chemistry prize for his work on the molecular mechanism of the human immune system.
Yurchikhins work has been recognized by the Nobel Foundation for the Advancement of Science, which was established in 1946 to honor those who have made significant contributions to the understanding of science.